Rats comprise a major group of pests which are of great economic importance due their role in problems of food and health of mankind. Rats live at our expense, invading our home, eating our food and damage our commodities. Unfortunately they spoil more food then what they eat. They contaminate stored food by their urine and fasces.
They damage cables, electric wires, foundation, pipes, woodwork and packaging material etc. They cause irritancy of stabled animals which results into reduction in meat, milk and eggs production.
They damage agricultural crops, irrigation canals and dams. They are capable of transmitting Plague, Typhus, Salmonella, Rabies, Rate-Bite fever etc. They are carriers of disease transmitters – Fleas.
Major areas where rats pose problems are food processing units, bakeries, poultry, cattle farms, cattle feed mills, bottling units, pharmaceuticals, soap and oil factories, paper industry, residential colonies, ware house, hotel and restaurants, railways, airports, sea port, ships, defense establishments, industrial townships etc.
Rat is a suspicious and smart animal. Hence control measures require great deal of expertise and experience. Effective control measures involve employing different methods like use of poison, setting up tamper proof bait stations, fumigation of burrows, trapping, improvement of environmental sanitation, and protection of buildings by proofing measures etc. either in combination or ion sequence.